This information is suitable for anyone working with turf or specifying turf.


Smart Solutions for turf irrigation

Sourcing sustainable irrigation water for turf is the common challenge that urban designers and open space planners face when looking at options for green public open spaces. But Australian-based ecological engineering company, E2Designlab, may have found a solution to accessing, retaining and reusing stormwater in urban areas, that allows turf to be irrigated without ever turning a sprinkler on.

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School Microclimates Study - keeping our kids safe

Outdoor school environments need to be safe, stimulate physical and cognitive development of children and encourage learning. These key requirements are jeopardised by increasing summer heat. Summer heat limits outdoor activities and has adverse effects on physical wellbeing of school children and teachers. Children are particularly vulnerable to heat as they regulate their core temperature through convection, which becomes less effective when it is hot. It is thus increasingly important to protect children from summer heat, which is predicted to become more frequent and intense as a result of global warming.

A study released in September 2020 by Western Sydney University, Macquarie University and NSW Govt addresses the importance of greenspace to keep our kids safe.

Click here for the report





Turf: a natural sponge for carbon dioxide

A recent study has confirmed that on average, every square metre of turf removed 2.5kg of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

A Hort Innovation strategic levy-funded project, An Environmental Assessment of the Australian Turf Growing Industry (TU16000), studied 30 different turf farms across the country to measure their carbon footprint. Each grower studied, demonstrated strong net sequestration, meaning every single turf farm was reducing the level of carbon in the atmosphere.

Learn more about how turf is a sponge for carbon dioxide






Bushfire protection benefits of turf

Science demonstrates the value of turf as a bushfire retardant.

A Hort Innovation strategic, levy-funded project saw GHD recently conducted a series of experiments in the CSIRO Pyrotron in Canberra attempting to ignite turf samples using simulated embers at a variety of leaf moisture contents  and using three different wind speeds.

Experimental conditions were designed in order to represent typical bushfire conditions of hot days and low relative humidity. The ignition source was a lit cotton ball injected with ethanol. Ignitions which spread more than 20 cm were deemed ‘sustained ignitions’.

Press Release

Project Literature Review

TA Editorial article



Fact Sheet






Higher Rates of injury on Synthetic Turf compared to natural turf

Research from the US clearly demonstrates the risks for NFL players when playing on synthetic compared to natural turf.

'Football is a strenuous sport for athletes. Researchers set out to test the hypothesis that playing on synthetic turf leads to an increased risk of lower body injury. Their hypothesis was informed by previous research showing a difference between synthetic turf and natural grass in releasing a cleat before reaching a potentially injurious overload situation. From collecting and analyzing injury report data from the NFL between 2012 and 2016, researchers deducted that if all NFL games played on synthetic turf were played on natural grass during the study period, 319 fewer lower body injuries would be expected".


Below are reports from Turfgrass Producers International that review the comparison of injuries in lower extremity injury and knee injuries when playing NFL on synthetic surfaces.

Incidence of Knee Injuries on Artificial Turf Versus Natural Grass in National Collegiate Athletic Association American Football: 2004-2005 Through 2013-2014 Seasons


Higher Rates of Lower Extremity Injury on Synthetic Turf Compared with Natural Turf Among National Football League Athletes







Turf is the key to keeping our cities cool

A Hort Innovation strategic, levy-funded project has been undertaken to determine how important turf is as a method to negate the urban heat island.

Conducted by Edge Environment, the research found that in the Australian cities surveyed, living turf was actively cooling the areas around it. In New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia, the surface temperature of irrigated natural turf measured 4.9°C cooler than the baseline average surface temperature. In the same analysis, long pile synthetic turf was one of the hottest surfaces in the landscape measuring nearly 11°C hotter than average.

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Designing for a cool city

Our cities are getting warmer. The good news is that Australia is beginning to act.

The Cooperative Research Centre for Water Sensitive Cities (CRCWSC) was established in July 2012. Its purpose is to help change the way we design, build and manage our cities and towns by valuing the contribution water makes to economic development and growth, our quality of life, and the ecosystems of which cities are a part.

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Turf As Erosion and Sediment Control

Australian Standards

Turf grass is an effective and natural measure for controlling erosion and sediment. The use of vegetative ground cover is well established as the most effective long-term protection measure against erosion on disturbed soil. Turf grass is capable of reducing erosion by protecting the ground from the impact of rainfall. It also reduces the speed of runoff water, holds soil and sediment particles in place and enhances the ground’s ability to absorb water.

Click here to discover erosion control Training Videos and Fact Sheets.





Natural vs Synthetic

Should I choose natural turf or synthetic grass? It’s a big decision, so it’s a good idea to think
carefully about the answer.

There are significant differences between playing a sport, such as football, on natural turf compared to artificial surfaces.

Concerns over the likelihood of injury and long term exposure to the components of artificial grass are not new, but what does current research tell us?

Natural turf has many “natural” advantages over synthetic grass, and some of these may surprise you.

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Urban Heat Island Project

The levy-funded project Conveying the benefits of living turf - mitigation of the urban heat island effect (TU18000), conducted by Seed Consulting has been completed with the successful delivery of a National Seminar Series presenting the findings to state and local governments, town planners and landscapers across the country.

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Telling Turf's Good News Story

We know what makes turf so good. Every day we see the ways it enriches the lives of our children and pets as they play on the lawn. We admire, sometimes with jealously, the neighbour’s green, lush front yard and we love the feeling of calmness when we’re surrounded by greenspace.

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Efficiency is Key to Strengthening the Environmental Performance of Turf

Infotech Research recently completed Hort Innovation project - ‘An Environmental Assessment of the Australian Turf Industry and a Lifecycle Assessment of Turf’ (TU16000). Over 30 turf growing sites were studied throughout this project, which aimed to quantify the environmental impact of turf over its full lifecycle. Turf Australia spoke to John Cumming from Infotech Research to discuss the findings.

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How Turf can Benefit the Environment with Simple Solutions

The levy-funded project An Environmental Assessment of the Australian Turf Industry (TU16000) has been looking at ways in which turf production can improve the benefits it gives to the wider environment. Here, we take a look at some of the case studies developed as part of the project by John Cumming, Infotech Research, which can also reduce negative impacts.

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Could fungicides by the key to fighting couch smut?

Research continues into reducing the spread and improving the management of couch smut. Slowly but surely, more information is coming to light about this disease along with strategies to mitigate the impact. We caught up with Dr Andrew Geering, University of Queensland for an update.

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